Rohani Mashhadi

Mohammad Mahdi Rohani was born in 1947 in Mashhad and began his career in art in 1959. At first most of his paintings were about rural life and nature, but later changed to political and social issues after he gained interest in Imam Khomeini’s movement in 1963. One of the first people who encouraged him to continue art, was his mentor Mohammad Reza Karimi. Rohani held painting and calligraphy courses in Mashhad in 1966 and exhibited one of his paintings, which received a lot of attention, in a gallery.

In 1969, he was accepted in Sharif University to study industrial engineering, continuing to practice his art during his studies. Two years later he set up an exhibition at university with the help of other students and displayed some of his paintings: What’s the World’s Workers Strike? Demonstration of Political Prisoners’ Wives, Life in the Anzali Salt Lake, Unemployed Workers and several more. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then-King of Iran, visited this exhibition and became furious. Rohani was then reprimanded by the Dean of Sharif University and Hoveyda, the then-Prime Minister. He was later arrested, sent to prison, and released 7 months later, but the time he spent in prison was a chance for him to think more about the social state of his country and how he could use his art to portray it. After his release he became more willing to continue his activities.

After he graduated, he became a faculty member of Sharif University and began teaching. During that time, he painted a portrait of the university’s canteen and added symbolic portraits of revolutionary figures there. A few months before the Revolution, he designed posters for the Revolution and distributed them among the student body.

After the Revolution, he joined the Jihad of construction organization which was founded by university students to help farmers and deprived people in villages, constructing homes and facilities in deprived regions. Right after Imam Khomeini commissioned the establishment of the organization, Rohani, inspired by the Imam’s speech, quickly designed a logo for the organization. He formed a graphic design department in the organization and became in charge of it.

When asked to compare his art before and after the Revolution, he said: “in the past, my style was oil painting but I later changed it to graphics. Before the Revolution, graphic arts were only for intellectuals and elites in the cities, and they at most dealt with labor. But later, designing posters and graphic content gained popularity even among villagers. Art left its abstract form little by little and became an art to serve society and the people. I have noticed many art designs  in villages, mosques or passageways.”

His first exhibition was held in 1987 in Mashhad’s Chamber of Commerce. Later on 91,92 and 96, he exhibited some of his paintings at Sharif University. In 79, Rohani and some other graphic artists from the Artistic Center, displayed their works at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Tehran. His artworks were also shown at the Literature and Art Gallery of Jihad of construction in 1988 and 1987.

Rohani is currently a faculty member of Sharif University and teaches engineering graphics (Industrial drafting).